Scientific Name: Orycteropus afer
Common Name: Aardvark
Other Name(s): Antbear, Earth Pig
Number Of Species: 18
Location: Sub-Saharan Africa
Habitat: Sandy and clay soil
Colour: Brown, grey, yellow
Skin Type: Hair
Size (L): 1.05m – 2.20m (3.4ft – 7.3ft)
Weight: 60kg – 80kg (130lbs – 180lbs)
Top Speed: 40kph (25mph)
Prey: Termites, Ants
Predators: Lions, Leopards, Hyenas
Group Behaviour: Solitary
Lifespan: 23 years
Age Of Sexual Maturity: 2 years
Gestation Period: 7 months
Average Litter Size: 1
Name Of Young: Cub
Age Of Weaning: 3 months
Conservation Status: Least Concern
Estimated Population Size: Unknown
Biggest Threat: Habitat loss
Most Distinctive Feature: Long, sticky tongue and rabbit-like ears
Fun Fact: Can move up to 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!
Aardvark Classification and Evolution
Aardvarks are little pig-like warm blooded creatures that are found possessing a wide scope of various habitats all through Africa, south of the Sahara. They are generally single and go through their days staying in bed underground tunnels to shield them from the warmth of the African sun, rising in the cooler night to scan for nourishment. Their name begins from the Afrikaans language in South Africa and means Earth Pig, because of their long nose and pig-like body. Aardvarks are one of a kind among animals as they are the main enduring species in their animal family. As of not long ago it was broadly accepted that they were most firmly identified with different insectivores, for example, armadillos and pangolins however this isn’t the situation with their nearest living relatives really thought to be elephants.
Aardvark Anatomy and Appearance
Aardvarks have a remarkable appearance among well evolved creatures (and without a doubt all animals) as they show physical characteristics of various distinctive animal species. They have medium-sized, practically bare bodies and long noses that make them look particularly pig-like from the start, with tough skin that both shields them from the blistering sun and furthermore from being hurt by bug chomps. They can close their noses to prevent residue and creepy crawlies from entering their nose. They have rounded, bunny like ears that can remain on end yet can likewise be collapsed level to keep soil from entering them when they are underground. Aardvarks have solid, hooks on every one of their spade-like feet that alongside the way that their rear legs are longer than their front legs, makes them solid and able diggers ready to uncover huge measures of earth at a disturbing rate. Because of the way that they burn through a large portion of their lives underground or out chasing in obscurity during the evening, they have poor visual perception however can without much of a stretch explore their encompassing utilizing their phenomenal feeling of smell to both discover prey and to detect potential threat.
Aardvark Distribution and Habitat
Aardvarks are found in a wide range of habitats all through sub-Saharan Africa from dry deserts to the sodden rainforest areas. The main stipulation (other than having great access to a lot of sustenance and water) is to have great soil in which they can burrow their broad tunnels. Regardless of being profoundly talented at delving in sandy or earth soil types, rockier areas demonstrate to a greater degree a test to make their underground homes so the aardvark will move to another zone where soil conditions are more qualified to burrowing. Their tunnels can be up to 10 meters (33 ft) long in a home range that can be somewhere in the range of 2 to 5 kilometers square. Their tunnels frequently having different passages and are in every case left head first so they can recognize potential predators effectively utilizing their sharp feeling of smell.
Aardvark Behavior and Lifestyle
Aardvarks are for the most part single animals that meet up just to mate and are never found in enormous gatherings. They live in underground tunnels to shield them both from the sweltering daytime sun and from predators. Aardvarks are nighttime warm blooded animals, just leaving the security of the tunnel under the front of night when they go looking for nourishment and water, frequently voyaging a few miles so as to locate the greatest termite hills guided by their astounding hearing and feeling of smell. Regardless of frequently having a huge tunnel included a broad system of passages, aardvarks are likewise known to have the option to rapidly uncover little impermanent tunnels where they can ensure themselves rapidly as opposed to coming back to their unique dwelling.
Aardvark Reproduction and Life Cycles
Aardvarks have explicit mating seasons that happen each year. Contingent upon the district in which the aardvark lives youthful can be conceived either in October to November, or May to June in different regions. Known to have babies most years, female aardvarks bring forth a solitary posterity after an incubation period that generally goes on for around 7 months. Infant aardvarks regularly weigh as meager as 2kg and are brought into the world with bare, pink skin in the security of their mom’s tunnel. Child aardvarks go through the initial two weeks of their lives in the security of the underground tunnel before starting to wander out with their mom under the front of night. Nonetheless, in spite of going with their mom looking for nourishment they aren’t weaned until they are around a quarter of a year old. Youthful aardvarks live with their mom in her tunnel until they are around a half year old when they move out to burrow their very own tunnel. In spite of the fact that their lifespan in the wild isn’t altogether clear, aardvarks will in general live for over 20 years in bondage.
Aardvark Diet and Prey
The diet of aardvarks is chiefly involved ants and termites, with termites being their favored nourishment source. In spite of this however, they are known to likewise eat different creepy crawlies, for example, scarabs and bug hatchlings. Aardvarks are worked to be insectivores, with solid appendages and paws that are equipped for breaking into the harder external shell of termite hills productively. When they have broken into the hill they at that point utilize their long, clingy tongue to collect the creepy crawlies inside and eat them entire without biting as they are then ground down in their strong stomachs. One of the aardvarks most unmistakable features is the way that they have columnar cheek-teeth that fill no practical need by any means. With some bigger subterranean insect species that should be bitten they utilize the incisors that are situated towards the back of their mouths. Aardvarks are likewise ready to utilize similar systems to break into underground insect homes.
Aardvark Predators and Threats
Regardless of the way that aardvarks are nighttime animals that live in the security of underground tunnels, they are compromised by various predators all through their regular habitat. Lions, panthers, hyenas and huge snakes (most prominently pythons) are the fundamental predators of aardvarks yet this varies relying upon where the aardvark lives. Their fundamental type of guard is to escape rapidly underground be that as it may, they are additionally known to be very forceful when compromised by these bigger animals. Aardvarks utilize their solid, sharp hooks to attempt to harm their assailant alongside kicking the undermining animal with their ground-breaking back legs. Aardvarks are additionally undermined by humans who chase them and crush their characteristic habitats.
Aardvark Interesting Facts and Features
Aardvarks utilize their long, clingy tongue to slurp up to 50,000 creepy crawlies a night from inside termite hills or underground insect homes. Their worm-like tongues can really grow up to 30 cm long significance they can venture more termites further into the hill. Their adoration for creepy crawlies has really driven aardvarks additionally being known as Antbears! Interestingly enough, aardvarks are additionally thought to get practically the majority of the dampness they need from their prey implying that they really need to physically drink almost no water. Aardvarks are believed to be one of the world’s most productive diggers with their solid appendages and hooks and scoop like feet helping them to have the option to move 2ft of soil in only 15 seconds!
Aardvark Relationship with Humans
Because of the way that they spend the daytime hours covered up in the security of their underground tunnels, just rising under the front of night to chase for sustenance, aardvarks are only here and there observed by numerous individuals. In certain locales however, they are chased by individuals for sustenance and are winding up progressively influenced by extending human populaces as a greater amount of their regular habitats vanish to clear a path for developing settlements.
Aardvark Conservation Status and Life Today
Today, aardvarks are recorded by the IUCN as an animal types that is of Least Concern. In spite of the way that populace quantities of aardvarks unquestionably declined in certain nations, in others, their numbers stay stable and they are frequently usually found in both secured territories and districts with appropriate habitats. They are anyway ending up progressively influenced by habitat misfortune in both the type of deforestation and growing towns and towns. Because of their unimaginably slippery nature, accurate populace sizes are not completely comprehended.
български език: тръбозъб
Català: Porc formiguer
Español: Orycteropus afer
Français: Oryctérope du Cap
Galego: Porco formigueiro
Hrvatski: Afrički mravojed
Bahasa Indonesia: Aardvark
Italiano: Orycteropus afer
Latina: Orycteropus afer
Bahasa Melayu: Ardvark
Polski: Mrównik afrykański
Slovenščina: podzemska svinjka
Tiếng Việt: Orycteropus afer